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Raksha Bandhan in Nepal: Celebrating Bonds Beyond Borders
Hawrry Bhattarai comment 64 Comments access_time 26 min read

Raksha Bandhan, is a sacred and traditional festival celebrated in Nepal and India (Rakhi Purnima). This year, it falls on August 31, corresponding to Bhadra 14. Raksha Bandhan is not just a symbol of seeking divine bliss for oneself but also for the person on whose wrist the holy thread is tied. The term “Raksha” stands for protection, and “Bandhan” represents the bond, together signifying the bond of protection. This protection is not only from tangible threats but also encompasses spiritual safeguarding against all evils and perils.

Nowadays, the celebration often involves brothers gifting their sisters with gifts such as clothes, jewelry, and sweets. However, the essence and depth of this festival go beyond the modern-day customs. Raksha Bandhan is a celebration of the love and bond between siblings, and it is a reminder of the importance of family and protection.

Raksha Bandhan (Hindu) Festival in Nepal

Origins and Myths

Man tying rakshya thread from pandit
Man receiving Raksha thread from a priest | PC: Sharad Tuladhar

Every festival has a story, a legend that gives it life and meaning. Raksha Bandhan is no exception.

Tale of Lord Krishna and Draupadi

In the tapestry of ancient tales, the story of Lord Krishna and Draupadi stands out. It’s said that once, when Lord Krishna cut his finger, Draupadi, without a moment’s hesitation, tore a piece of her saree and tied it around his wound. Touched by her concern and spontaneous affection, Lord Krishna vowed to always protect her. This simple act, devoid of any grandeur, captures the essence of Raksha Bandhan – a promise of protection, a bond of love.

Significance in the Mahabharata

The Mahabharata, one of the grand epics, isn’t just about valiant warriors or intricate politics. At its heart, it’s about relationships. And within its vast narratives, the subtle yet profound moments of Raksha Bandhan find their place. It’s a testament to the fact that even in times of great turmoil, the bonds of family and the promises made between siblings stand unyielding.

Significance of Raksha Bandhan

On this auspicious occasion, sisters tie a sacred thread, known as “rakhi,” around their brothers’ wrists, symbolizing love and protection. The rakhi is believed to ward off evil and protect brothers from harm. In gratitude, brothers give gifts to their sisters and vow to protect them throughout their lives.

Raksha Bandhan is more than just a celebration of the bond between siblings. It represents the cultural and religious values that highlight the importance of this relationship. The festival signifies a lifelong commitment of support and  relationship between brothers. 

Families come together to celebrate Raksha Bandhan. They prepare feasts, including traditional dishes like “kwati.” The puja thali, decorated with flowers and sweets, is central to the festivities.

This festival is of great significance in Nepal, emphasizing the deep bond siblings share and the memories they create together.

History of Raksha Bandhan in Nepal

A Hindu preist on rakshya bandhan waiting for people to tie a thread
A Hindu preist on raksha bandhan waiting for people to tie a thread | PC: Sharad Tuladhar

In Nepal, Raksha Bandhan is also associated with the legend of King Bali and Goddess Lakshmi. According to Hindu mythology, King Bali was a generous and noble ruler who pleased Lord Vishnu with his devotion. Impressed by his virtues, Lord Vishnu vowed to protect King Bali. Goddess Lakshmi, who is considered the sister of Lord Vishnu, disguised herself as a Brahmin woman and tied a sacred thread on King Bali’s wrist. This act symbolized their eternal bond and the promise of protection. This inclusive nature of the festival reflects the cultural values of unity, harmony, and love in Nepali society.

How is It Celebrated in Nepal?

Preparations for Raksha Bandhan begin early with sisters shopping for rakhis, decorative threads that come in various designs. On the day, sisters dress in traditional attire, perform a special puja, and prepare a thali with items like a diya, rice grains, vermillion powder, and sweets. They tie the rakhi on their brothers’ wrists, praying for their well-being. Brothers reciprocate with gifts as a sign of their affection.

Raksha Bandhan extends beyond immediate families in Nepal. Cousins, friends, and neighbors also exchange rakhis and gifts, reflecting Nepali values of unity and love. The festival is also a time for family gatherings and special meals, including dishes like ‘kwati’.

Recently, personalized rakhis, tailored to brothers’ interests, have become popular, appealing to the younger generation.

Raksha Bandhan is a cherished festival in Nepal, emphasizing the bond between siblings, love, protection, and unity. It’s a time when Nepalis express gratitude and celebrate the unique bond of siblings.

Rituals & Customs of Raksha Bandhan in Nepal

The customs and rituals associated with Raksha Bandhan are deeply rooted in Nepali culture. From the act of tying the rakhi, symbolizing protection and love, to the exchange of gifts and promises, every aspect of the festival holds emotional significance. The inclusive nature of Raksha Bandhan, where even non-blood relatives and friends participate, showcases the values of unity and love in Nepali society.

Puja Thali and its components

Puja thali of rakshya bandhan
Raksha Bandhan ceremonial Puja thali.

One of the essential elements of the Raksha Bandhan festival is the puja thali. The puja thali holds great significance as it serves as a sacred vessel for performing the ritualistic puja on the day of Raksha Bandhan. The puja thali is usually a beautifully decorated plate made of metal or other auspicious materials. It is meticulously arranged with various items that are essential for the puja ceremony. These items not only add to the aesthetic appeal of the thali but also hold symbolic meaning.

One of the key components of the puja thali is a diya or an oil lamp. This diya represents the presence of divine light and is lit during the puja to invoke blessings. The flickering flame of the diya symbolizes the bond of sister-brother relationship. 

Another important component is rice grains. Rice is considered a symbol of abundance and prosperity. These grains are usually mixed with vermillion powder, which is also added to the puja thali. Vermillion powder, known as sindoor, is considered auspicious and is used to mark the forehead or the wrist during religious ceremonies. It is believed to protect the devotee from evil forces.

Sweets are a delightful addition to the puja thali. It is customary to include a variety of sweet treats such as laddoos, barfis, or homemade sweets made with love. These sweets are offered to the deities as a form of gratitude and are later shared among family members, symbolizing the sweetness and joy of the sibling bond.

Fresh flowers are also an integral part of the puja thali. They add a touch of beauty and fragrance to the ritual. Flowers are considered sacred and are offered to the deities as a gesture of love and reverence. The presence of fresh flowers in the puja thali signifies purity and devotion.

Apart from these essential components, sisters may also add other items to the puja thali based on personal preferences and regional customs. These may include sacred threads like rakhi, sacred water (known as gangajal), sandalwood paste, betel leaves, and incense sticks.

The puja thali holds immense importance as it acts as a medium to connect with the divine. It symbolizes the prayers and wishes of sisters for the well-being and protection of their brothers. As sisters lovingly perform the puja, they seek the blessings of the deities for their brothers’ happiness, prosperity, and longevity.

Applying Tilak to the Brother’s Forehead

applying tilak to forehead

One of the most significant and cherished rituals of the Raksha Bandhan festival is the application of tilak on the forehead of brothers. This ancient tradition holds a deep cultural and religious significance and is an integral part of the brother-sister bond celebrated on this auspicious day.

The tilak, also known as a bindi, is a sacred mark made on the forehead using a mix of vermilion powder, rice grains, and sometimes sandalwood paste. It is applied in the center of the forehead, commonly known as the third eye, and symbolizes the divine energy and protection bestowed upon the wearer.

The application of tilak is a special moment where sisters take on the role of performing this ritual for their brothers. They lovingly prepare the tilak mixture and apply it to the brother’s forehead with great care and devotion. This act serves as a gesture of affection, love, and respect towards their brothers, reinforcing the strong bond between them.

The tilak ceremony is often accompanied by prayers, the tying of the sacred thread or rakhi, and the exchange of gifts. It is believed that the tilak acts as a mark of protection, warding off any negative energies and evil forces that may harm the brother. It is also seen as a way of invoking the blessings of the deities for the well-being, prosperity, and happiness of the brother.

The significance of the tilak extends beyond its symbolic meaning. It is believed to activate the chakras and help in balancing the body’s energy. The placement of the tilak on the center of the forehead, where the Ajna chakra is said to reside, is believed to enhance spiritual awareness, intuition, and clarity of thought.

The tilak ceremony is not limited to blood brothers but also extends to cousins and other male relatives who share a brotherly bond. It showcases the inclusive nature of the festival and strengthens the sense of kinship and unity among family members.

In addition to its cultural and religious significance, the tilak ceremony also holds social importance. It serves as an occasion for family members to come together, reconnect, and celebrate their shared values and traditions. It is a time of joy and celebration, filled with laughter, blessings, and the reaffirmation of love and support between siblings.

As times have evolved, the traditional tilak has also undergone modern variations. Today, sisters may opt for decorative rakhis with attached tilak, making the application process more convenient and visually appealing. This modern adaptation allows sisters to express their creativity while keeping the essence of the tilak ceremony intact.

Tying the Sacred Thread Around the Brother’s Wrist

Fastening the Holy Thread on the Brother's Wrist

One of the most significant and cherished rituals of the Raksha Bandhan festival is the tying of the sacred thread or rakhi around the brother’s wrist. This age-old tradition holds immense cultural and religious importance and is a special moment that strengthens the bond between brothers and sisters.

The act of tying the sacred thread is a symbolic gesture that signifies the brother’s commitment to protect and honor his sister. It is a sacred thread that is beautifully adorned with colorful threads, beads, and sometimes even precious stones. Sisters lovingly select a rakhi that reflects their brother’s personality and preferences, making it a thoughtful and personalized gift.

The ritual begins with sisters performing aarti, a form of prayer, in which they sing hymns and seek the blessings of the deities. After the aarti, sisters tie the rakhi around their brother’s wrist, accompanied by prayers for his well-being, happiness, and success. This act represents the sister’s love, care, and faith in her brother’s ability to protect her.

The significance of the sacred thread extends beyond its physical presence. It is believed to have divine powers and is known to strengthen the bond between brothers and sisters. The thread serves as a reminder of the promises and responsibilities that brothers undertake to protect and support their sisters throughout their lives.

The tying of the sacred thread is a momentous occasion that is witnessed with great enthusiasm and joy in households across Nepal. It is a time when families come together, exchange gifts, and celebrate the enduring bond between siblings. The ritual is often followed by a special meal and further festivities, creating an atmosphere of love, laughter, and togetherness.

The tradition of tying the sacred thread is not limited to blood siblings but also extends to cousins and other male relatives who share a brotherly bond. It is a celebration of the sibling relationship and the support system that exists within the family.

In recent years, the tradition of tying the sacred thread has also seen modern adaptations. Sisters now have a wide variety of decorative rakhis to choose from, with intricate designs, vibrant colors, and even personalized elements like photographs or initials. These modern rakhis reflect the changing times while still embodying the essence of the sacred thread ceremony.

Feeding Sweets to Brothers & Sisters

One of the sweetest and most delightful traditions of the Raksha Bandhan festival is the exchange of sweets between brothers and sisters. This delectable practice not only satisfies the taste buds but also symbolizes the sweetness and love shared between siblings.

Feeding sweets to brothers and sisters is a significant ritual that further strengthens the bond of protection and care. It is a gesture of affection and goodwill, where the siblings indulge in delicious treats as a way to express their love and appreciation for each other.

During Raksha Bandhan, sisters prepare a variety of mouth-watering sweets to offer to their brothers. These sweets are prepared with love and effort, showcasing the sister’s culinary skills and dedication to their sibling. Some popular sweets that are commonly exchanged include laddoos, barfis, gulab jamuns, and rasgullas, among others.

The act of feeding sweets is not limited to the brothers only. Sisters also enjoy the delightful treats that their brothers offer them. It is a moment of shared happiness and joy as they relish the sweet delicacies together, reinforcing their bond of love and support.

This tradition of feeding sweets has deep cultural and emotional significance. It is believed that by offering and accepting sweets, brothers and sisters promise to always stand by each other, to share both the joys and sorrows of life. It is a symbol of the unwavering support and care that siblings have for each other.

Feeding sweets to brothers and sisters during Raksha Bandhan is also a reflection of Nepal’s rich culinary heritage. It is an opportunity for families to showcase their traditional recipes and enjoy the flavors that have been passed down through generations. The delicious sweets not only fill the mouths but also warm the hearts of the siblings, creating lasting memories.

In addition to the traditional sweets, modern variations have also become popular in recent years. Sisters often experiment with innovative and fusion desserts, adding a contemporary twist to the tradition. These new-age sweets not only tantalize the taste buds but also symbolize the evolving nature of relationships and the ability to adapt to changing times.

Exchange Gifts Between Brothers & Sisters

Exchange Gifts Between Brothers & Sisters

One of the most cherished traditions of the Raksha Bandhan festival is the exchange of gifts between brothers and sisters. This heartwarming practice not only strengthens the bond between siblings but also serves as a symbol of love and appreciation.

During Raksha Bandhan, brothers and sisters eagerly look forward to exchanging gifts as a token of their affection. The gifts can range from traditional items to modern-day surprises, depending on the preferences and interests of the siblings. This exchange of gifts is a way for brothers and sisters to show their love and gratitude towards each other.

The act of exchanging gifts goes beyond material possessions. It represents the thoughtfulness and effort put into selecting a meaningful gift that will bring joy and happiness to the recipient. It is a moment where both brothers and sisters express their love and appreciation for each other in a tangible form.

The gifts exchanged during Raksha Bandhan can be traditional, such as clothing, accessories, or religious items. These gifts not only hold cultural significance but also serve as a reminder of the shared heritage and values of the siblings. Additionally, they can be personalized to reflect the individual tastes and preferences of the recipients, making the exchange even more meaningful.

In recent years, modern gifts have also gained popularity among siblings. Electronics, gadgets, books, or even experiences like spa vouchers or concert tickets are some of the contemporary gift ideas that siblings consider. The evolving nature of relationships and changing times are reflected in these choices, highlighting the adaptability and growth in the bond between brothers and sisters.

The exchange of gifts during Raksha Bandhan is not limited to material items. Brothers and sisters also give each other heartfelt promises and resolutions. These promises may include lifelong support, protection, and being there for each other in both good and bad times. It is a pledge to nurture and cherish the sibling bond throughout their lives.

The tradition of exchanging gifts during Raksha Bandhan is not only about the joy of giving and receiving but also about the emotions and sentiments attached to the act. It is a moment of emotional connection and celebration of the special bond between brothers and sisters.

Seeking Blessings from Elderly Family Members

One of the beautiful aspects of the Raksha Bandhan festival is the tradition of seeking blessings from elderly family members. In Nepali culture, elders are highly respected and considered as the pillars of wisdom and guidance. During Raksha Bandhan, brothers and sisters take this opportunity to show their reverence and seek their blessings.

It is a heartwarming moment when siblings bow down to touch the feet of their elders as a sign of respect. This act symbolizes humility and gratitude towards the wisdom and experience they possess. It also signifies the acknowledgment of their blessings and good wishes that will accompany the siblings throughout their lives.

For brothers and sisters, seeking blessings from their elderly family members holds deep cultural and religious significance. It is believed that the blessings of elders have the power to protect and guide them on their life’s journey. By touching their feet and seeking their blessings, siblings not only pay homage to the past but also seek their guidance for the future.

The act of seeking blessings is a moment of connection between different generations. It bridges the gap between the wisdom of the older generation and the aspirations of the younger generation. It fosters a sense of unity and shared values within the family, strengthening the bond between siblings and their elders.

In addition to seeking their blessings, siblings also offer their respect and gratitude through gestures of love. They may present them with gifts, perform traditional rituals, or simply spend quality time with them. These gestures are a way of expressing appreciation for their presence and their influence in their lives.

Raksha Bandhan, therefore, goes beyond the celebration of the brother-sister bond. It also reinforces the importance of family and the role of elders in nurturing and guiding the younger ones. It serves as a reminder to cherish the wisdom and values passed down through generations and to seek the blessings and guidance of the elderly family members.

In a fast-paced world where traditions and values are sometimes overlooked, Raksha Bandhan brings families together and reminds us of the importance of seeking blessings from our elders. It is a time to express our love, respect, and gratitude for the wisdom and guidance they have bestowed upon us. As siblings bow down to touch their feet, they not only receive their blessings but also carry forward the legacy of love, respect, and unity within the family.

Popular Dishes Enjoyed During Raksha Bandhan in Nepal

Kawati dish

One of the highlights of this festive occasion is the delicious food that is prepared and enjoyed by everyone. In Nepal, Raksha Bandhan is marked by the presence of a variety of mouth-watering dishes that add flavor to the festivities.

One such popular dish during Raksha Bandhan in Nepal is “kwati”, a traditional mixed bean soup. This hearty and nutritious dish is prepared by soaking a mixture of nine different types of beans overnight and then cooking them with spices and herbs. Kwati is not only a culinary delight but also holds cultural significance, as it is believed to bring good health and prosperity to the family.

Another must-have dish during Raksha Bandhan is “sel roti”, a sweet and crispy rice flour bread. This delicacy is prepared by mixing rice flour with sugar, ghee (clarified butter), and yogurt to form a thick batter. The batter is then deep-fried into ring-shaped bread that is golden brown and crispy on the outside, and soft and sweet on the inside. Sel roti is a favorite among both children and adults, and it is often enjoyed with a cup of hot tea or coffee.

“Bara” is yet another popular dish that is relished during Raksha Bandhan. It is a savory lentil pancake made from ground lentils, onions, chili, and various spices. Bara is usually served with a tangy tomato and soybean dipping sauce called “achar”, which adds an extra burst of flavor to the dish. This crispy and flavorful pancake is a staple in Nepali cuisine and is a must-try during the festivities.

Apart from these traditional dishes, Raksha Bandhan in Nepal also sees the preparation of a variety of sweets and desserts. “Gulab jamun”, a popular Indian sweet made from milk solids and soaked in rose-flavored sugar syrup, is a common treat during this time. Other sweets like “rasgulla”, “jalebi”, and “laddu” are also enjoyed by families as they celebrate the bond between brothers and sisters.

In addition to these specific dishes, families often prepare a lavish spread of other delicacies such as rice, lentils, curries, pickles, and a variety of vegetable dishes. The entire family comes together to savor these delectable meals, creating a sense of togetherness and joy.

Raksha Bandhan is also an occasion to indulge in the rich and flavorful cuisine that Nepal has to offer. These popular dishes not only tantalize the taste buds but also bring the family together, making the festival even more memorable and enjoyable. So, as you celebrate Raksha Bandhan with your loved ones, don’t forget to savor these delectable dishes and create lasting memories.

Kwati Purnima (Kwati Punhi or Gunhi Punhi ) – A Special Dish Prepared on This Day

Kwati Purnima is a significant festival celebrated in Nepal, particularly during the auspicious occasion of Raksha Bandhan. One of the highlights of this festival is Kwati khane din, the preparation and consumption of a traditional dish called Kwati.

Kwati is a rich and flavorful mixed bean soup that holds deep cultural significance. The dish is prepared by soaking a mixture of nine different types of beans overnight, including black-eyed peas, kidney beans, chickpeas, black lentils, green lentils, mung beans, soybeans, field beans, and white beans. Each bean symbolizes a unique element and is believed to have health benefits.

After soaking, the beans are cooked with a blend of spices and herbs such as fenugreek seeds, cumin, turmeric, bay leaves, garlic, and ginger. The resulting soup is thick, aromatic, and bursting with flavors. It is common for families to prepare a large pot of Kwati, as it is a dish enjoyed by all family members.

Kwati is not only a culinary delight but also represents the interconnectedness of different cultures and communities within Nepal. The combination of various legumes highlights the diversity and unity of the Nepali people. Additionally, Kwati is believed to bring good health and prosperity to those who consume it.

During Kwati Purnima, family members come together to share a hearty meal featuring Kwati. The dish is usually served as a starter or as a main course accompanied by rice, roti, or sel roti (a circular-shaped rice bread). It is a time for family members to gather, strengthen their bond, and express love and gratitude towards each other. Apart from its cultural and festive significance, Kwati is also highly nutritious. The combination of different legumes provides a rich source of protein, fiber, and essential minerals. It is a perfect dish to warm the body during the monsoon season when Kwati Purnima is celebrated.

Janai Purnima: The Sacred Thread-Changing Ceremony

On the occasion of the Janai Purnima Festival, a Nepalese Hindu devotee is presented with a Janai (sacred thread) by a Hindu Brahmin
On the occasion of the Janai Purnima Festival, a Nepalese Hindu devotee is presented with a Janai (sacred thread) by a Hindu Brahmin | PC: Subir10

In Nepal, Raksha Bandhan coincides with Janai Purnima, a significant festival for Brahmins and Chhetris. On this day, men change their sacred thread, known as Janai. This thread, worn across the chest, symbolizes control over the body, speech, and mind. The ceremony is conducted by priests and is considered a rite of passage for young men entering adulthood. 

The day after Janai Purnima is Gai Jatra. During this celebration, the dora that was tied to the wrist is now attached to a cow’s tail. This act stems from the belief that the cow will lead the soul to heaven in the afterlife.

Rituals and Traditions

Every tradition carries with it the whispers of the past, and Janai Purnima is a beautiful symphony of age-old practices that have been passed down through generations.

Importance of the Full Moon Day

As the monsoon clouds part and the full moon graces the night sky, there’s a palpable magic in the air. This isn’t just any full moon night; it’s the day chosen for Janai Purnima. The luminous moon, with its gentle glow, seems to bless the land, making it the perfect moment for spiritual rejuvenation.

Sanctification of the New Thread

As dawn breaks, the old Janai, worn and frayed from a year of wear, is replaced. But before the new thread graces the body, it’s sanctified. Dipped in holy water, infused with mantras, and touched by the morning sun, the new Janai is more than just a thread; it’s a symbol of purity, commitment, and a life led with purpose.

 Role of the Priest in the Ceremony

In the midst of these rituals, the priest plays a pivotal role. He’s not just a guide but a bridge between the divine and the devotee. With hands that have performed these rituals countless times and a voice that resonates with the chants of the Vedas, the priest ensures that the ceremony is not just about changing a thread, but about imbibing its deeper meaning.

The Symbolism of Janai

Beyond the visible, the Janai carries with it profound symbolism that speaks to the soul.

Control Over Body, Speech, and Mind

The Janai, with its three threads woven together, is a constant reminder of the trinity of control – over body, speech, and mind. It’s not just an adornment but a compass, guiding its wearer to lead a life of balance, where actions, words, and thoughts are in harmony.

Significance of Changing the Janai Thread

Changing the Janai is more than just a ritual; it’s a renewal of vows. As the old thread is discarded, it’s a letting go of past mistakes, regrets, and transgressions. And as the new thread is worn, it’s a promise – to lead a life of righteousness, to uphold the values it symbolizes, and to walk the path of dharma with renewed vigor.

Further Readings

Krishna Janmasthami Nepal
Raksha Bandhan Nepal
Nag Panchami

Gaura Festival

 

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